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Dental Care

What Every Pet Owner Should Know About Dental Care For Cats/Dogs

Dental disease is a reality for most cats & dogs& dogs. By age four, many cats & dogshave significant gingivitis and many also have periodontal disease. It is a slow progressing but serious disease that causes pain and affects the overall health and wellbeing. Cats & dogswill not show signs of oral discomfort. Because the pain associated with dental problems comes on slowly over time, they simply learn to live with it. That is why it is important that all cats & dogssee a veterinarian annually to assess their oral health.

What Is Proper Dental Hygiene For Your Cat's & Dog's Teeth?

There are several ways to ensure proper cats & dogs dental care. All of them involve diligence and commitment from you as a cats & dogs owner. Your feline friend will not tell you if he or she needs dental care, so it is up to you to proactively address their needs.

  • Good nutrition is the foundation for good dental health

  • When possible establish a cats & dogs teeth cleaning routine when your cats & dogs is young

  • Semi-annual exams for cats & dogs

  • Watch for signs of possible dental issues such as bad breath

  • Tell your vet during the checkup about any behaviors you've noticed, or concerns you have

  • Early prevention is extremely important to avoiding or treating serious dental issues

Proper cat /dog teeth cleaning consists of an oral exam and x-rays under anesthesia in order to properly diagnose any dental disease that may be present. Most of the dental disease in cats /dogs is under the gum line. Many cats /dogs produce feline odontoclastic resorption lesions (FORL) in their teeth. These are cavity like lesions at the neck of the tooth (where the gum meets the tooth). These lesions cause the roots to be resorbed. These lesions are painful. Unfortunately, your cat/dog will naturally adapt to live with the pain these lesions cause. In these cases, the treatment usually requires extraction of the affected tooth/teeth. Not all cats /dogs are plagued with feline odontoclastic resorption lesions (FORL). Only a thorough exam involving x-rays taken by your vet can determine if your cat/dog is living with these lesions. Treatment is curative. However, cats/dogs who produce these lesions are likely to produce more in their lifetime and will require annual care.

Other dental issues in cats/dogs include gingivitis and periodontal disease that may require medication and or dental work to alleviate the pain. The importance of annual exams cannot be underestimated. In order to remain healthy, dental care is something you should trust to your veterinarian.

How Often Is It Necessary To Clean A Cat's/Dog's Teeth?

The recommended frequency of cleaning your cat's/Dog's teeth depends upon several factors such as:

  • age

  • genetics

  • diet

  • lifestyle

  • existence of other health conditions

Regardless of signs or symptoms, your cat/dog should have a dental checkup annually at a minimum. While you should be looking at your cat's/dog's teeth periodically yourself, it is easy to miss the types of problem signs that a trained and experienced veterinarian will pick up on. It is significantly easier to address and resolve dental issues that are spotted early, compared to dental issues that go unnoticed and are allowed to further develop. Therefore, a proactive approach to pet dentistry is recommended.

Many pets will allow you to brush their teeth. You should brush your cat's teeth daily with specially designed brushes and feline hygiene products. Let us work with you to ensure the best possible dental health for your cat.

CommonDental Problems

  • Plaque build-up

  • Gingivitis

  • Periodontal disease

  • Tooth loss

  • Mouth sores and ulcers

  • Odontoclastic Resorptive Lesions (FORL)

  • And, like in humans, kidney, liver, and heart disease

Pets are very adept at hiding symptoms of pain and illness. Bad breath is the only symptom of dental problems that you are at all likely to observe in your cat. If your cat has noticeable bad breath, you should schedule a dental exam with your veterinarian. However, in severe cases you may also notice one of the following symptoms:


  • Pawing at the mouth

  • Drooling

  • Problems eating, loss of appetite

  • Red, swollen, bleeding gums

  • Loose, broken, missing teeth

  • Blood in saliva or nasal discharge

  • Lesions in mouth

Your pet may very well have dental issues that require attention and NOT show any of the symptoms listed above. However, if any of the above symptoms are observed please bring your pet in the an exam

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as gingivitis and can become periodontal disease if it spreads into the tooth. These conditions affect a pet's gums and the portions of their teeth below the gum line and may include feline odontoclastic resorption lesions (FORL). Periodontal disease is considered the most prevalent illness in pets over three years of age. However, it is also the most under diagnosed, because many pet owners unfortunately just do not realize the importance of pet dental care. Although detection of pet gum disease can be subtle, periodic veterinary checkups every 6-12 months can be effective in helping diagnose pet gum disease before it becomes severe.

Gum disease has four stages:

  • Early gingivitis.

  • Advanced gingivitis.

  • Early periodontitis.

  • Established periodontitis.

Gum disease in pets is only reversible if caught early on, and only the early gingivitis stage is considered fully reversible. Therefore, it is your responsibility to keep your pet's mouth, teeth and gums healthy and well.

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